Power Dependence of the Photocurrent Lineshape in a Semiconductor Quantum Dot

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Russell, A.
Fal'ko, Vladimir I.
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We propose a kinetic theory to describe the power dependence, $I_{PC}(P)$, of the photocurrent (PC) lineshape in optically pumped quantum dots at low temperatures, in both zero and finite magnetic fields. We show that there is a crossover power $P_c$, determined by the electron and hole tunneling rates, at which the photocurrent spectra become strongly influenced by the dot kinetics, and no longer reflect the exciton lifetime in the dot. For $P>P_c$, we show that the photocurrent saturates due to the slow hole escape rate (in e.g., InGaAs/GaAs dots), whereas the line-width increases with power: $\Gamma \propto \sqrt{P}$. We also analyze to what measure the spin-doublet lineshape of the photocurrent studied in a high magnetic field reflects the degree of circular polarization of the incident light.
Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures
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Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics
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