Closed Spaces in Cosmology

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Fagundes, Helio V.
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Abstract
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This paper deals with two aspects of relativistic cosmologies with closed (compact and boundless) spatial sections. These spacetimes are based on the theory of General Relativity, and admit a foliation into space sections S(t), which are spacelike hypersurfaces satisfying the postulate of the closure of space: each S(t) is a 3-dimensional, closed Riemannian manifold. The discussed topics are: (1) A comparison, previously obtained, between Thurston's geometries and Bianchi-Kantowski-Sachs metrics for such 3-manifolds is here clarified and developed. (2) Some implications of global inhomogeneity for locally homogeneous 3-spaces of constant curvature are analyzed from an observational viewpoint.
Comment: 20 pages, 6 figures, revised version of published paper. In version 2: several misprints corrected, 'redshifting' in figures improved. Version 3: a few style corrections; couple of paragraphs in subsection 2.4 rewritten. Version 4: figures 5 and 6 corrrected
Keywords
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, Astrophysics, Mathematics - Geometric Topology
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