Pseudofree group actions on spheres
Edmonds, Allan L.
R. S. Kulkarni showed that a finite group acting pseudofreely, but not freely, preserving orientation, on an even-dimensional sphere (or suitable sphere-like space) is either a periodic group acting semifreely with two fixed points, a dihedral group acting with three singular orbits, or one of the polyhedral groups, occurring only in dimension 2. It is shown here that the dihedral group does not act pseudofreely and locally linearly on an actual n-sphere when n is congruent to 0 mod 4. The possibility of such an action when n is congruent to 2 mod 4 and n>2 remains open. Orientation-reversing actions are also considered.
Mathematics - Geometric Topology, 57S17