Variable-Flavor-Number Scheme in Analysis of Heavy-Quark Electro-Production Data

Alekhin, S.
Blümlein, J.
Klein, S.
Moch, S.
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We check the impact of the factorization scheme employed in the calculation of the heavy-quark deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) electro-production on the PDFs determined in the NNLO QCD analysis of the world inclusive neutral-current DIS data combined with the ones on the neutrino-nucleon DIS di-muon production and the fixed-target Drell-Yan process. The charm-quark DIS contribution is calculated in the general-mass variable-flavor-number (GMVFN) scheme: At asymptotically large values of the momentum transfer $Q$ it is given by the zero-mass 4-flavor scheme and at the value of $Q$ equal to the charm-quark mass it is smoothly matched with the 3-flavor scheme using the Buza-Matiounine-Smith-van Neerven prescription. The PDFs obtained in this variant of the fit are very similar to the ones obtained in the fit with a 3-flavor scheme employed. Our 5-flavor PDFs derived from the 3-flavor ones using the NNLO matching conditions are used to calculate the rates of $W^{\pm}/Z$ and $t\bar{t}$ production at the Tevatron collider and the LHC at NNLO.
Comment: 5 pages, Proc. of DIS09, Madrid, April, 2009
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology