Field Effect Transistors for Terahertz Detection: Physics and First Imaging Applications

Knap, W.
Dyakonov, M.
Coquillat, D.
Teppe, F.
Dyakonova, N.
Łusakowski, J.
Karpierz, K.
Sakowicz, M.
Valusis, G.
Seliuta, D.
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Resonant frequencies of the two-dimensional plasma in FETs increase with the reduction of the channel dimensions and can reach the THz range for sub-micron gate lengths. Nonlinear properties of the electron plasma in the transistor channel can be used for the detection and mixing of THz frequencies. At cryogenic temperatures resonant and gate voltage tunable detection related to plasma waves resonances, is observed. At room temperature, when plasma oscillations are overdamped, the FET can operate as an efficient broadband THz detector. We present the main theoretical and experimental results on THz detection by FETs in the context of their possible application for THz imaging.
Comment: 22 pages, 12 figures, review paper
Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics, Condensed Matter - Other Condensed Matter