Adiabatically switched-on electrical bias in continuous systems, and the Landauer-Buttiker formula

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Cornean, Horia D.
Duclos, Pierre
Nenciu, Gheorghe
Purice, Radu
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Abstract
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Consider a three dimensional system which looks like a cross-connected pipe system, i.e. a small sample coupled to a finite number of leads. We investigate the current running through this system, in the linear response regime, when we adiabatically turn on an electrical bias between leads. The main technical tool is the use of a finite volume regularization, which allows us to define the current coming out of a lead as the time derivative of its charge. We finally prove that in virtually all physically interesting situations, the conductivity tensor is given by a Landauer-B{\"u}ttiker type formula.
Comment: 20 pages, submitted
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Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics, Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics, Mathematical Physics
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