Environment of MAMBO galaxies in the COSMOS field

Aravena, Manuel
Bertoldi, Frank
Carilli, Chris L.
Schinnerer, Eva
McCracken, Henry J.
Salvato, Mara
Riechers, Dominik
Sheth, Kartik
Smolcic, Vernesa
Capak, Peter
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Submillimeter galaxies (SMG) represent a dust-obscured high-redshift population undergoing massive star formation activity. Their properties and space density have suggested that they may evolve into spheroidal galaxies residing in galaxy clusters. In this paper, we report the discovery of compact (~10"-20") galaxy overdensities centered at the position of three SMGs detected with the Max-Planck Millimeter Bolometer camera (MAMBO) in the COSMOS field. These associations are statistically significant. The photometric redshifts of galaxies in these structures are consistent with their associated SMGs; all of them are between z=1.4-2.5, implying projected physical sizes of ~170 kpc for the overdensities. Our results suggest that about 30% of the radio-identified bright SMGs in that redshift range form in galaxy density peaks in the crucial epoch when most stars formed.
Comment: Accepted for publication in ApJ Letters
Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics