Molecular regimes in ultracold Fermi gases

Petrov, D. S.
Salomon, C.
Shlyapnikov, G. V.
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The use of Feshbach resonances for tuning the interparticle interaction in ultracold Fermi gases has led to remarkable developments, in particular to the creation and Bose-Einstein condensation of weakly bound diatomic molecules of fermionic atoms. These are the largest diatomic molecules obtained so far, with a size of the order of thousands of angstroms. They represent novel composite bosons, which exhibit features of Fermi statistics at short intermolecular distances. Being highly excited, these molecules are remarkably stable with respect to collisional relaxation, which is a consequence of the Pauli exclusion principle for identical fermionic atoms. The purpose of this review is to introduce theoretical approaches and describe the physics of molecular regimes in two-component Fermi gases and Fermi-Fermi mixtures, focusing attention on quantum statistical effects.
Comment: Chapter of the book: "Cold Molecules: Theory, Experiment, Applications" edited by R. V. Krems, B. Friedrich and W. C. Stwalley (publication expected in March 2009)
Condensed Matter - Other Condensed Matter, Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics