Influence of quantum-mechanical boundary roughness resistance on copper nanolines

Huber, T. E.
Trottman, P.
Halpern, J. B.
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Copper nanolines fabricated by the damascene process are commonly used as interconnects in advanced electronic devices. The copper resistivity increases above the bulk value because of confinement, in detriment of performance. Recent electronic transport measurements clearly exhibit this effect for nanolines whose widths range between 80 and 500 nm at low and room temperatures. An interpretation in terms of finite size effects that consider semiclassical models for electron-surface and grain-boundary scattering was presented, but the fits do not capture the strong linewidth dependence in the data below 100 nm. The present letter explains how the excess resistivity arises from a quantum mechanical surface roughness effect that begins to contribute strongly in lines narrower than the mean free path. This type of roughness scattering would contribute a 40% increase in resistivity for future 20 nm-interconnects.
Comment: 14 pages, 2 figures
Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics