Understanding the problem of glass transition on the basis of elastic interactions in a liquid

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Trachenko, Kostya
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We review the recently proposed elastic approach to glass transition. This approach is based on a simple and a physically transparent idea of elastic interactions between local relaxation events in a liquid. Central to this picture is the range of this interaction. Its increase on lowering the temperature explains several important open questions in the area of glass transition, including universal relaxation laws and dynamic crossovers. In particular, we show how the proposed theory explains (1) the physical origin of cooperativity of relaxation; (2) the origin of the crossover from exponential to non-exponential relaxation at $\tau=$1 ps, where $\tau$ is liquid relaxation time; (3) the origin of the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann law; (4) the origin of stretched-exponential relaxation; (5) the absence of divergence of $\tau$ at the VFT temperature $T_0$ and the crossover to a more Arrhenius relaxation at $\tau\approx 10^{-6}$ sec; (6) the origin of liquid ``fragility''; and (7) the relationship between non-exponentiality of relaxation and relaxation time.
Comment: conference paper
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Condensed Matter - Soft Condensed Matter
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