Self-assembled Pt nanowires on Ge(001): Relaxation effects

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Schwingenschloegl, Udo
Schuster, Cosima
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Abstract
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Absorption of Pt on the Ge(001) surface results in stable self-organized Pt nanowires, extending over some hundred nanometers. Based on band structure calculations within density functional theory and the generalized gradient approximation, the structural relaxation of the Ge--Pt surface is investigated. The surface reconstruction pattern obtained agrees well with findings from scanning tunneling microscopy. In particular, strong Pt--Pt dimerization is characteristical for the nanowires. The surface electronic structure is significantly perturbed due to Ge--Pt interaction, which induces remarkable shifts of Ge states towards the Fermi energy. As a consequence, the topmost Ge layers are subject to a metal-insulator transition.
Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, final version accepted by Europhys. Lett., minor modifications of the text
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Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics
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