Chirality of triangular antiferromagnetic clusters as a qubit

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Georgeot, B.
Mila, F.
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Abstract
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We show that the chirality of triangular antiferromagnetic clusters can be used as a qubit even if it is entirely decoupled from the total spin of the cluster. In particular, we estimate the orbital moment associated to the chirality, and we show that it can be large enough to allow a direct measurement of the chirality with a field perpendicular to the cluster. Consequences for molecular magnets are discussed, and an alternative implementation with Cu atoms on a surface is proposed, for which one- and two-qubit gates are worked out in detail. Decoherence effects are also discussed.
Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures, discussion on decoherence added
Keywords
Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics, Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons, Quantum Physics
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