Supertropical matrix algebra

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Izhakian, Zur
Rowen, Louis
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Abstract
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The objective of this paper is to develop a general algebraic theory of supertropical matrix algebra, extending [11]. Our main results are as follows: * The tropical determinant (i.e., permanent) is multiplicative when all the determinants involved are tangible. * There exists an adjoint matrix $\adj{A}$ such that the matrix $A \adj{A}$ behaves much like the identity matrix (times $|A|$). * Every matrix $A$ is a supertropical root of its Hamilton-Cayley polynomial $f_A$. If these roots are distinct, then $A$ is conjugate (in a certain supertropical sense) to a diagonal matrix. * The tropical determinant of a matrix $A$ is a ghost iff the rows of $A$ are tropically dependent, iff the columns of $A$ are tropically dependent. * Every root of $f_A$ is a "supertropical" eigenvalue of $A$ (appropriately defined), and has a tangible supertropical eigenvector.
Comment: 24 pages
Keywords
Mathematics - Commutative Algebra, Mathematics - Combinatorics, 5A09, 15A03, 15A15, 65F15
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