Wave turbulence served up on a plate

Cobelli, Pablo
Petitjeans, Philippe
Maurel, Agnes
Pagneux, Vincent
Mordant, Nicolas
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Wave turbulence in a thin elastic plate is experimentally investigated. By using a Fourier transform profilometry technique, the deformation field of the plate surface is measured simultaneously in time and space. This enables us to compute the wavevector-frequency Fourier ($\mathbf k, \omega$) spectrum of the full space-time deformation velocity. In the 3D ($\mathbf k, \omega$) space, we show that the energy of the motion is concentrated on a 2D surface that represents a nonlinear dispersion relation. This nonlinear dispersion relation is close to the linear dispersion relation. This validates the usual wavenumber-frequency change of variables used in many experimental studies of wave turbulence. The deviation from the linear dispersion, which increases with the input power of the forcing, is attributed to weak non linear effects. Our technique opens the way for many new extensive quantitative comparisons between theory and experiments of wave turbulence.
Comment: accepted for publication in PRL
Nonlinear Sciences - Chaotic Dynamics