Hypergeometric-Gaussian Modes

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Karimi, Ebrahim
Zito, Gianluigi
Piccirillo, Bruno
Marrucci, Lorenzo
Santamato, Enrico
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Abstract
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We studied a novel family of paraxial laser beams forming an overcomplete yet nonorthogonal set of modes. These modes have a singular phase profile and are eigenfunctions of the photon orbital angular momentum. The intensity profile is characterized by a single brilliant ring with the singularity at its center, where the field amplitude vanishes. The complex amplitude is proportional to the degenerate (confluent) hypergeometric function, and therefore we term such beams hypergeometric gaussian (HyGG) modes. Unlike the recently introduced hypergeometric modes (Opt. Lett. {\textbf 32}, 742 (2007)), the HyGG modes carry a finite power and have been generated in this work with a liquid-crystal spatial light modulator. We briefly consider some sub-families of the HyGG modes as the modified Bessel Gaussian modes, the modified exponential Gaussian modes and the modified Laguerre-Gaussian modes.
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Physics - Optics, Mathematical Physics
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