Experimental investigation of the ratchet effect in a two-dimensional electron system with broken spatial inversion symmetry
Portal, J. -C.
Kvon, Z. D.
Martin, K. P.
Wieck, A. D.
We report on experimental evidence of directed electron transport, induced by external linear-polarized microwave irradiation, in a two-dimensional spatially-periodic asymmetrical system called ratchet. The broken spatial symmetry was introduced in a high mobility two-dimensional electron gas based on AlGaAs/GaAs heterojunction, by patterning an array of artificial semi-discs-shaped antidots. We show that the direction of the transport is efficiently changed by microwave polarization. The dependence of the effect on magnetic field and temperature is investigated. This represents a significant step towards the realization of new microwave detectors and current generators.
Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics