Higher order gravity theories and their black hole solutions

Charmousis, Christos
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We discuss a particular higher order gravity theory, Lovelock theory, that generalises in higher dimensions, general relativity. After briefly motivating modifications of gravity, we will introduce the theory in question and we will argue that it is a unique, mathematically sensible, and physically interesting extension of general relativity. We will see, by using the formalism of differential forms, the relation of Lovelock gravity to differential geometry and topology of even dimensional manifolds. We will then discuss a generic staticity theorem, which will give us the charged static black hole solutions. We will examine their asymptotic behavior, analyse their horizon structure and briefly their thermodynamics. We will then examine the distributional matching conditions for Lovelock theory. We will see how induced 4 dimensional Einstein-Hilbert terms result on the brane geometry from the higher order Lovelock terms. With the junction conditions at hand, we will go back to the black hole solutions and give applications for braneworlds: perturbations of codimension 1 braneworlds and the exact solution for braneworld cosmology as well as the determination of maximally symmetric codimension 2 braneworlds. In both cases, the staticity theorem evoked beforehand will give us the general solution for braneworld cosmology in codimension 1 and maximal symmetry warped branes of codimension 2. We will then end with a discussion of the simplest Kaluza-Klein reduction of Lovelock theory to a 4 dimensional vector-scalar-tensor theory which has the unique property of retaining second order field equations. We will conclude by listing some open problems and common difficulties.
Comment: 44 pages, 2 figures, To appear in the proceedings of the 4th Aegean Summer School on Black Holes, 17-22 September 2007, Mytilene, Island of Lesvos, Greece
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, Astrophysics, High Energy Physics - Theory, Mathematical Physics