Geometric versus spectral convergence for the Neumann Laplacian under exterior perturbations of the domain

Arrieta, Jose M.
Krejcirik, David
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We analyze the behavior of the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the Laplace operator with homogeneous Neumann boundary conditions when the domain is perturbed. We focus on exterior perturbations of the domain, that is, the limit domain is contained in each of the perturbed domains. Moreover, the family of perturbed domains is made up of bounded domains although not necessarily uniformly bounded. We show that if we know that the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the perturbed domains converge to the ones of the limit domain, then necessarily we have that the measure of the perturbation tends to zero, while it is not necessarily true for the Hausdorff distance of the perturbation. As a matter of fact we will construct an example of a perturbation where the spectra behave continuously but the distance tends to infinity.
Comment: 11 pages, LaTeX with 1 EPS figure
Mathematics - Spectral Theory