Energy reconstruction of electromagnetic showers from $\pi^0$ decays with the ICARUS T600 Liquid Argon TPC

The ICARUS Collaboration
Ankowski, A.
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We discuss the ICARUS T600 detector capabilities in electromagnetic shower reconstruction through the analysis of a sample of 212 events, coming from the 2001 Pavia surface test run, of hadronic interactions leading to the production of $\pi^{0}$ mesons. Methods of shower energy and shower direction measurements were developed and the invariant mass of the photon pairs was reconstructed. The ($\gamma$,$\gamma$) invariant mass was found to be consistent with the value of the $\pi^0$ mass. The resolution of the reconstructed $\pi^0$ mass was found to be equal to 27.3%. An improved analysis, carried out in order to clean the full event sample from the events measured in the crowded environment, mostly due to the trigger conditions, gave a $\pi^0$ mass resolution of 16.1%, significantly better than the one evaluated for the full event sample. The trigger requirement of the coincidence of at least four photomultiplier signals favored the selection of events with a strong pile up of cosmic ray tracks and interactions. Hence a number of candidate $\pi^0$ events were heavily contaminated by other tracks and had to be rejected. Monte Carlo simulations of events with $\pi^0$ production in hadronic and neutrino interactions confirmed the validity of the shower energy and shower direction reconstruction methods applied to the real data.
Comment: 24 pages, 16 figures
High Energy Physics - Experiment, Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors