Comparisons of the environmental dependence of galaxy properties between galaxies above and below M

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Deng, Xin-Fa
He, Ji-Zhou
Wen, Xiao-Qing
Tang, Xiao-Xun
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Abstract
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From the Main galaxy sample of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 6 (SDSS DR6), we construct two volume-limited samples above and below the value of M, to explore the difference of the environmental dependence of galaxy properties between galaxies above and below the value of M . We measure the local three-dimensional galaxy density in a comoving sphere with a radius of the distance to the 5th nearest galaxy for each galaxy, and compare basic properties of galaxies in the lowest density regime with those of galaxies in the densest regime. It is found that the galaxy luminosity strongly depend on local environments only for galaxies above M, but this dependence is very weak for galaxies below M . It is worth noting that g-r color, concentration index ci and galaxy morphologies strongly depend on local environments for all galaxies with different luminosities. This shows that M is an characteristic parameter only for the environmental dependence of galaxy luminosity.
Comment: 7 pages, 3 figures, accepted by MNRAS
Keywords
Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
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