## Multicanonical Algorithm, Simulated Tempering, Replica-Exchange Method, and All That

Mitsutake, Ayori
Okamoto, Yuko
##### Description
We discuss multi-dimensional generalizations of multicanonical algorithm, simulated tempering, and replica-exchange method. We generalize the original potential energy function $E_0$ by adding any physical quantity $V$ of interest as a new energy term with a coupling constant $\lambda$. We then perform a multi-dimensional multicanonical simulation where a random walk in $E_0$ and $V$ space is realized. We can alternately perform a multi-dimensional simulated tempering simulation where a random walk in temperature $T$ and parameter $\lambda$ is realized. The results of the multi-dimensional replica-exchange simulations can be used to determine the weight factors for these multi-dimensional multicanonical and simulated tempering simulations.
Comment: 4 pages, (Revtex4), 2 figures
##### Keywords
Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics