Ground-state properties of the disordered Hubbard model in two dimensions

Pezzoli, Maria Elisabetta
Becca, Federico
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We study the interplay between electron correlation and disorder in the two-dimensional Hubbard model at half-filling by means of a variational wave function that can interpolate between Anderson and Mott insulators. We give a detailed description of our improved variational state and explain how the physics of the Anderson-Mott transition can be inferred from equal-time correlations functions, which can be easily computed within the variational Monte Carlo scheme. The ground-state phase diagram is worked out in both the paramagnetic and the magnetic sector. Whereas in the former a direct second-order Anderson-Mott transition is obtained, when magnetism is allowed variationally, we find evidence for the formation of local magnetic moments that order before the Mott transition. Although the localization length increases before the Mott transition, we have no evidence for the stabilization of a true metallic phase. The effect of a frustrating next-nearest-neighbor hopping $t^\prime$ is also studied in some detail. In particular, we show that $t^\prime$ has two primary effects. The first one is the narrowing of the stability region of the magnetic Anderson insulator, also leading to a first-order magnetic transition. The second and most important effect of a frustrating hopping term is the development of a ``glassy'' phase at strong couplings, where many paramagnetic states, with disordered local moments, may be stabilized.
Comment: 13 pages and 16 figures
Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons