Shack-Hartmann sensor improvement using optical binning

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Basden, Alastair
Geng, Deli
Guzman, Dani
Morris, Tim
Myers, Richard
Saunter, Chris
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Abstract
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We present a design improvement for a recently proposed type of Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor that uses a cylindrical (lenticular) lenslet array. The improved sensor design uses optical binning and requires significantly fewer detector pixels than the corresponding conventional or cylindrical Shack-Hartmann sensor, and so detector readout noise causes less signal degradation. Additionally, detector readout time is significantly reduced, which reduces the latency for closed loop systems, and data processing requirements. We provide simple analytical noise considerations and Monte-Carlo simulations, and show that the optically binned Shack-Hartmann sensor can offer better performance than the conventional counterpart in most practical situations, and our design is particularly suited for use with astronomical adaptive optics systems.
Comment: Accepted for publication in Applied Optics
Keywords
Physics - Optics, Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors
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