Superconductivity in Rh$_2$Ga$_9$ and Ir$_2$Ga$_9$ without Inversion Symmetry

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Shibayama, T.
Nohara, M.
Katori, H. Aruga
Okamoto, Y.
Hiroi, Z.
Takagi, H.
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Abstract
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Superconductivity with $T_{\rm c}$ $\simeq$ 2 K was discovered in the intermetallic binary compounds Rh$_2$Ga$_9$ and Ir$_2$Ga$_9$. This is the first observation of superconductivity in the Rh-Ga and Ir-Ga binary systems. Both compounds crystallize in a distorted Co$_2$Al$_9$-type structure (monoclinic, space group: $Pc$), which lacks spatial inversion symmetry. Specific heat measurements revealed that both compounds are weak-coupling BCS superconductors having an isotropic superconducting gap. Measurements in magnetic fields indicated type-I superconductivity with a critical field $H_{\rm c}(0)$ $\simeq$ 130 Oe for Rh$_2$Ga$_9$ and type-II superconductivity with an upper critical field $H_{\rm c2}(0)$ $\simeq$ 250 Oe for Ir$_2$Ga$_9$.
Comment: to appear in J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. Vol. 76, No. 7 (2007)
Keywords
Condensed Matter - Superconductivity
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