Simulating Bell inequalities violation with classical optics encoded qbits

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Goldin, M.
Francisco, D.
Ledesma, S.
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Abstract
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We present here a classical optics device based on an imaging architecture as analogy of a quantum system where the violation of the Bell inequality can be evidenced. In our case, the two qbits entangled state needed to obtain non classical correlations is encoded using an electromagnetic wave modulated in amplitude and phase. Computational states are represented in a way where each one of the two qbits is associated with two orthogonal directions in the input plane. In addition, unitary operations involved in the measurement of the observables are simulated with the use of a coherent optical processor. The images obtained in the output of the process, contain all the information about the joint, marginal and conditional probabilities. By measuring the intensity distribution in the image plane we evaluate the mean values of the simulated observables. The obtained experimental results show, in an illustrative manner, how some correlations of Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt type exceed the upper bound imposed by the local realism hypothesis as a consequence of the joint effect of entanglement and two-particle interference.
Comment: 15 pages, 9 figures
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Quantum Physics
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