Formation of multi-planetary systems in turbulent disks

Rein, Hanno
Papaloizou, John C. B.
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We summarize the analytic model and numerical simulations of stochastically forced planets in a turbulent disk presented in a recent paper by Rein and Papaloizou. We identify two modes of libration in systems with planets in mean motion resonance which react differently to random forces. The slow mode, which mostly corresponds to motion of the angle between the apsidal lines of the two planets, is converted to circulation more readily than the fast mode which is associated with oscillations of the semi-major axes. We therefore conclude that stochastic forcing due to disk turbulence may have played an important role in shaping the configuration of observed systems in mean motion resonance. For example, it naturally provides a mechanism for accounting for the HD128311 system for which the fast mode librates and the slow mode does not.
Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, 2nd Subaru International Conference on Exoplanets and Disks: Their Formation and Diversity, Keauhou - Hawaii, 9-12 March 2009
Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics