Unbounded-error One-way Classical and Quantum Communication Complexity

Date
Authors
Iwama, Kazuo
Nishimura, Harumichi
Raymond, Rudy
Yamashita, Shigeru
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Abstract
Description
This paper studies the gap between quantum one-way communication complexity $Q(f)$ and its classical counterpart $C(f)$, under the {\em unbounded-error} setting, i.e., it is enough that the success probability is strictly greater than 1/2. It is proved that for {\em any} (total or partial) Boolean function $f$, $Q(f)=\lceil C(f)/2 \rceil$, i.e., the former is always exactly one half as large as the latter. The result has an application to obtaining (again an exact) bound for the existence of $(m,n,p)$-QRAC which is the $n$-qubit random access coding that can recover any one of $m$ original bits with success probability $\geq p$. We can prove that $(m,n,>1/2)$-QRAC exists if and only if $m\leq 2^{2n}-1$. Previously, only the construction of QRAC using one qubit, the existence of $(O(n),n,>1/2)$-RAC, and the non-existence of $(2^{2n},n,>1/2)$-QRAC were known.
Comment: 9 pages. To appear in Proc. ICALP 2007
Keywords
Quantum Physics
Citation
Collections