Creating Single Collective Atomic Excitations via Spontaneous Raman Emission in Inhomogeneously Broadened Systems : Beyond the Adiabatic Approximation

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Ottaviani, Carlo
Simon, Christoph
de Riedmatten, Hugues
Afzelius, Mikael
Lauritzen, Bjoern
Sangouard, Nicolas
Gisin, Nicolas
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The creation of single collective excitations in atomic ensembles via spontaneous Raman emission plays a key role in several quantum communication protocols, starting with the seminal DLCZ protocol [L.-M.Duan, M.D. Lukin, J.I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Nature {\bf 414}, 413 (2001).] This process is usually analyzed theoretically under the assumptions that the write laser pulse inducing the Raman transition is far off-resonance, and that the atomic ensemble is only homogeneously broadened. Here we study the impact of near-resonance excitation for inhomogeneously broadened ensembles on the collective character of the created atomic excitation. Our results are particularly relevant for experiments with hot atomic gases and for potential future solid-state implementations.
Comment: 6 pages, 6 figures
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Quantum Physics
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