Geometrical formulation of classical electromagnetism

Poplawski, Nikodem J.
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A general affine connection has enough degrees of freedom to describe the classical gravitational and electromagnetic fields in the metric-affine formulation of gravity. The gravitational field is represented in the Lagrangian by the symmetric part of the Ricci tensor, while the classical electromagnetic field is represented geometrically by the tensor of homothetic curvature. We introduce matter as the four-velocity field subject to the kinematical constraint in which the Lagrange multiplier represents the energy density. A coupling between the four-velocity and the trace of the nonmetricity tensor represents the electric charge density. We show that the simplest metric-affine Lagrangian that depends on the Ricci tensor and the tensor of homothetic curvature generates the Einstein-Maxwell field equations, while the Bianchi identity gives the Lorentz equation of motion. If the four-velocity couples to the torsion vector, the Einstein equations are modified by a term that is significant at the Planck scale and may prevent the formation of spacetime singularities.
Comment: 5 pages, REVTeX4
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, Mathematical Physics