Dynamics Groups of Asynchronous Cellular Automata

Macauley, Matthew
McCammond, Jon
Mortveit, Henning S.
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We say that a finite asynchronous cellular automaton (or more generally, any sequential dynamical system) is pi-independent if its set of periodic points are independent of the order that the local functions are applied. In this case, the local functions permute the periodic points, and these permutations generate the dynamics group. We have previously shown that exactly 104 of the possible 256 cellular automaton rules are pi-independent. In this article, we classify the periodic states of these systems and describe their dynamics groups, which are quotients of Coxeter groups. The dynamics groups provide information about permissible dynamics as a function of update sequence and, as such, connect discrete dynamical systems, group theory, and algebraic combinatorics in a new and interesting way. We conclude with a discussion of numerous open problems and directions for future research.
Comment: Revised per referee's comments
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems, Mathematics - Combinatorics, Mathematics - Group Theory, 37B15, 20F55, 05A15