Concentration in Lotka-Volterra parabolic or integral equations: a general convergence result

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Barles, Guy
Mirrahimi, Sepideh
Perthame, Benoît
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Abstract
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We study two equations of Lotka-Volterra type that describe the Darwinian evolution of a population density. In the first model a Laplace term represents the mutations. In the second one we model the mutations by an integral kernel. In both cases, we use a nonlinear birth-death term that corresponds to the competition between the traits leading to selection. In the limit of rare or small mutations, we prove that the solution converges to a sum of moving Dirac masses. This limit is described by a constrained Hamilton-Jacobi equation. This was already proved by B. Perthame and G. Barles for the case with a Laplace term. Here we generalize the assumptions on the initial data and prove the same result for the integro-differential equation.
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Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs
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