On Sumsets and Spectral Gaps

Croot, Ernie
Schoen, Tomasz
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It is well known that if S is a subset of the integers mod p, and if the second-largest Fourier coefficient is ``small'' relative to the largest coefficient, then the sumset S+S is much larger than S. We show in the present paper that if instead of having such a large ``spectral gap'' between the largest and second-largest Fourier coefficients, we had it between the kth largest and the (k+1)st largest, the same thing holds true, namely that |S+S| is appreciably larger than |S|. Well, we only do this for k < (log p)/(log 4). We also obtain analogous results for repeated sumsets S+S+...+S, and it turns out that the more terms one includes, the larger the index k that can be used.
Comment: A few typos have been corrected. Also theorem 2 in the last draft should have said ``t >= 3'', not ``t >= 2''
Mathematics - Combinatorics, Mathematics - Number Theory, 05D99