Spatially Anisotropic Heisenberg Kagome Antiferromagnet

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Schnyder, Andreas P.
Starykh, Oleg A.
Balents, Leon
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We study the quasi-one-dimensional limit of the spin-1/2 quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the kagome lattice. The lattice is divided into antiferromagnetic spin-chains (exchange J) that are weakly coupled via intermediate "dangling" spins (exchange J'). Using one-dimensional bosonization, renormalization group methods, and current algebra techniques the ground state is determined in the limit J'<<J. We find that the dangling spins and chain spins form a spiral with O(1) and O(J'/J) static moments, respectively, atop of which the chain spins exhibit a smaller O[(J'/J)^2] antiferromagnetically ordered component along the axis perpendicular to the spiral plane.
Comment: 17 pages, 3 figures, corrected sign error, corrected typos, updated references
Keywords
Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons
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