Optical conductivity in cluster dynamical mean field theory: formalism and application to high temperature superconductors

Lin, Nan
Gull, Emanuel
Millis, A. J.
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The optical conductivity of the one-band Hubbard model is calculated using the 'Dynamical Cluster Approximation' implementation of dynamical mean field theory for parameters appropriate to high temperature copper-oxide superconductors. The calculation includes vertex corrections and the result demonstrates their importance. At densities of one electron per site, an insulating state is found with gap value and above-gap absorption consistent with measurements. As carriers are added the above gap conductivity rapidly weakens and a three component structure emerges, with a low frequency 'Drude' peak, a mid-infrared absorption, and a remnant of the insulating gap. The mid-infrared feature obtained at intermediate dopings is shown to arise from a pseudogap structure in the density of states. On further doping the conductivity evolves to the Drude peak plus weakly frequency dependent tail structure expected for less strongly correlated metals.
Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures
Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons