Large violation of Wiedemann Franz law in Luttinger liquids

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Garg, Arti
Rasch, David
Shimshoni, Efrat
Rosch, Achim
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We show that in weakly disordered Luttinger liquids close to a commensurate filling the ratio of thermal conductivity kappa and electrical conductivity sigma can deviate strongly from the Wiedemann Franz (WF) law valid for Fermi liquids scattering from impurities. In the regime where the Umklapp scattering rate Gamma_U is much larger than the impurity scattering rate Gamma_imp, the Lorenz number L = (kappa/sigma T) rapidly changes from very large values, L ~ (Gamma_U/Gamma_imp) >> 1 at the commensurate point to very small values, L ~ (Gamma_imp/Gamma_U) << 1 for a slightly doped system. This surprising behavior is a consequence of approximate symmetries existing even in the presence of strong Umklapp scattering.
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Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons
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