Building clusters atom by atom: from local order to global order

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Ghazi, Seyed Mohammad
Zorriasatein, Shahab
Kanhere, D. G.
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Abstract
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We have carried out extensive density functional calculations for series of sodium clusters $Na$$_{N}$ ranging from $N$=10 to 147 and have obtained $\approx$ 13000 distinct isomers. We unravel a number of striking features of the growth characteristics. The growth shows order-disorder-order pattern of cyclic nature. Between two ordered clusters the growth proceeds via disordered clusters having multi-centered icosahedral local order. The Global order emerges suddenly with the addition of one or two atoms only. The clusters around $N$=92, the electronically closed shell system, behave completely differently and do not show the favored icosahedral local order. It is the absence of icosahedral local order which is responsible for rather low melting temperatures observed in the experiments.
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Condensed Matter - Materials Science
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