A generating function for the N-soliton solutions of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili II equation

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Chakravarty, Sarbarish
Kodama, Yuji
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This work describes a classification of the $N$-soliton solutions of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili II equation in terms of chord diagrams of N chords joining pairs of 2N points. The different classes of N-solitons are enumerated by the distribution of crossings of the chords. The generating function of the chord diagrams is expressed as a continued fraction, special cases of which are moment generating functions for certain kinds of $q$-orthogonal polynomials.
Comment: 18 pages, 4 figures. Added some minor comments. To appear in AMS Contemporary Mathematics
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Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems, Mathematical Physics, Mathematics - Combinatorics
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