q-Deformation and Semidualisation in 3d Quantum Gravity

Majid, S
Schroers, B J
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We explore in detail the role in euclidean 3d quantum gravity of quantum Born reciprocity or `semidualisation'. The latter is an algebraic operation defined using quantum group methods that interchanges position and momentum. Using this we are able to clarify the structural relationships between the effective non-commutative geometries that have been discussed in the context of 3d gravity. We show that the spin model based on D(U(su_2)) for quantum gravity without cosmological constant is the semidual of a quantum particle on a three-sphere, while the bicrossproduct (DSR) model is the semidual of a quantum particle on hyperbolic space. We show further how the different models are all specific limits of q-deformed models with q=e^{-\hbar \sqrt{-\Lambda}/m_p}, where m_p is the Planck mass and \Lambda is the cosmological constant, and argue that semidualisation interchanges m_p and l_c, where l_c is the cosmological length scale l_c=1/\sqrt{|\Lambda|}. We investigate the physics of semidualisation by studying representation theory. In both the spin model and its semidual we show that irreducible representations have a physical picture as solutions of a respectively non-commutative/curved wave equation. We explain, moreover, that the q-deformed model, at a certain algebraic level, is self-dual under semidualisation.
Comment: 49 pages, one pdf figure; revised version (several small changes, improved figure) similar to one which will appear in J.Phys.A
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, High Energy Physics - Theory, Mathematical Physics