Windmills and extreme 2-cells

McCammond, Jon
Wise, Daniel
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
In this article we prove new results about the existence of 2-cells in disc diagrams which are extreme in the sense that they are attached to the rest of the diagram along a small connected portion of their boundary cycle. In particular, we establish conditions on a 2-complex X which imply that all minimal area disc diagrams over X with reduced boundary cycles have extreme 2-cells in this sense. The existence of extreme 2-cells in disc diagrams over these complexes leads to new results on coherence using the perimeter-reduction techniques we developed in an earlier article. Recall that a group is called coherent if all of its finitely generated subgroups are finitely presented. We illustrate this approach by showing that several classes of one-relator groups, small cancellation groups and groups with staggered presentations are collections of coherent groups.
Comment: 16 pages, 5 figures
Mathematics - Group Theory, 20F06, 20F67, 57M07