Generalized Landau-Lifshitz systems and Lie algebras associated with higher genus curves

Igonin, S.
van de Leur, J.
Manno, G.
Trushkov, V.
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The Wahlquist-Estabrook prolongation method allows to obtain for some PDEs a Lie algebra that is responsible for Lax pairs and Backlund transformations of certain type. We study the Wahlquist-Estabrook algebra of the n-dimensional generalization of the Landau-Lifshitz equation and construct an epimorphism from this algebra onto an infinite-dimensional quasigraded Lie algebra L(n) of certain matrix-valued functions on an algebraic curve of genus 1+(n-3)2^{n-2}. For n=3,4,5 we prove that the Wahlquist-Estabrook algebra is isomorphic to the direct sum of L(n) and a 2-dimensional abelian Lie algebra. Using these results, for any n a new family of Miura type transformations (differential substitutions) parametrized by points of the above mentioned curve is constructed. As a by-product, we obtain a representation of L(n) in terms of a finite number of generators and relations, which may be of independent interest.
Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems, Mathematical Physics, Mathematics - Rings and Algebras