A statistical analysis of the Two Dimensional XMM-Newton Group Survey: The impact of feedback on group properties

Johnson, Ria
Ponman, Trevor J.
Finoguenov, Alexis
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(abridged) We present a statistical analysis of 28 nearby galaxy groups from the Two-Dimensional XMM-Newton Group Survey (2dXGS). We focus on entropy and the role of feedback, dividing the sample into cool core (CC) and non cool core (NCC) systems, the first time the latter have been studied in detail in the group regime. The coolest groups have steeper entropy profiles than the warmest systems, and NCC groups have higher central entropy and exhibit more scatter than their CC counterparts. We compare the entropy distribution of the gas in each system to the expected theoretical distribution ignoring non-gravitational processes. In all cases, the observed maximum entropy far exceeds that expected theoretically, and simple models for modifications of the theoretical entropy distribution perform poorly. Applying initial pre-heating, followed by radiative cooling, generally fails to match the low entropy behaviour, and only performs well when the difference between the maximum entropy of the observed and theoretical distributions is small. Successful feedback models need to work differentially to increase the entropy range in the gas, and we suggest two basic possibilities. We analyse the effects of feedback on the entropy distribution, finding systems with a high measure of `feedback impact' to reach higher entropy than their low feedback counterparts and also to show significantly lower central metallicities. If low entropy, metal-rich gas has been boosted to large entropy in the high feedback systems, it must now reside outside 0.5r_500, to remain undetected. We find similar levels of enrichment in both high and low feedback systems, and argue that the lack of extra metals in the highest feedback systems points to an AGN origin for the bulk of the feedback, probably acting within precursor structures.
Comment: 24 pages, 21 figures; accepted for publication in MNRAS
Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics