The multicomponent 2D Toda hierarchy: Discrete flows and string equations

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Manas, Manuel
Alonso, Luis Martinez
Fernandez, Carlos Alvarez
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Abstract
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The multicomponent 2D Toda hierarchy is analyzed through a factorization problem associated to an infinite-dimensional group. A new set of discrete flows is considered and the corresponding Lax and Zakharov--Shabat equations are characterized. Reductions of block Toeplitz and Hankel bi-infinite matrix types are proposed and studied. Orlov--Schulman operators, string equations and additional symmetries (discrete and continuous) are considered. The continuous-discrete Lax equations are shown to be equivalent to a factorization problem as well as to a set of string equations. A congruence method to derive site independent equations is presented and used to derive equations in the discrete multicomponent KP sector (and also for its modification) of the theory as well as dispersive Whitham equations.
Comment: 27 pages. In the revised paper we improved the presentation
Keywords
Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems, Mathematical Physics
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