Detecting and Quantifying Entanglement via Bayesian Updating

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Lougovski, Pavel
van Enk, S. J.
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Abstract
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We show how a straightforward Bayesian updating procedure allows one to detect and quantify entanglement from any finite set of measurement results. The measurements do not have to be tomographically complete, and may consist of POVMs rather than von Neumann measurements. One obtains a probability that one's state is entangled and an estimate of any desired entanglement measure, including their error bars. As an example we consider (tomographically incomplete) spin correlation measurements on both 2-qubit and 3-qubit states. As byproducts we obtain estimates of the volume of entangled states vs. states that violate a given Bell inequality for both pure and mixed states, and an inequality that relates the expectation value of the Bell operator to the negativity.
Comment: superseded by 0908.0265 and 0908.0267
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Quantum Physics
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