Exact stochastic simulation of dissipation and non-Markovian effects in open quantum systems

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Lacroix, Denis
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Abstract
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The exact dynamics of a system coupled to an environment can be described by an integro-differential stochastic equation of its reduced density. The influence of the environment is incorporated through a mean-field which is both stochastic and non-local in time and where the standard two-times correlation functions of the environment appear naturally. Since no approximation is made, the presented theory incorporates exactly dissipative and non-Markovian effects. Applications to the spin-boson model coupled to a heat-bath with various coupling regimes and temperature show that the presented stochastic theory can be a valuable tool to simulate exactly the dynamics of open quantum systems. Links with stochastic Schroedinger equation method and possible extensions to "imaginary time" propagation are discussed.
Comment: accepted for publication in Physical Review E
Keywords
Quantum Physics, Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics, Nuclear Theory
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