Pulsating instability of a Bose-Einstein condensate in an optical lattice

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Shrestha, Uttam
Kostrun, Marijan
Javanainen, Juha
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We find numerically that in the limit of weak atom-atom interactions a Bose-Einstein condensate in an optical lattice may develop a pulsating dynamical instability in which the atoms nearly periodically form a peak in the occupation numbers of the lattice sites, and then return to the unstable initial state. Multiple peaks behaving similarly may also occur. Simple arguments show that the pulsating instability is a remnant of integrability, and give a handle on the relevant physical scales.
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Condensed Matter - Other Condensed Matter
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