Nonequilibrium Quantum Breakdown in a Strongly Correlated Electron System

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Oka, Takashi
Aoki, Hideo
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Abstract
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The nonlinear transport properties of the Mott insulator are discussed with focus on the many-body Landau-Zener mechanism. After reviewing basic concepts such as the non-adiabatic geometric phase and the Schwinger mechanism, we study the decay of the insulating groundstate in strong electric fields using the time-dependent density matrix renormalization group. A short comment on the proposed mapping to the quantum walk model is added before discussing the relevance of the theory to experimental results. This article is a draft of a book chapter of the book entitled "Quantum and Semi-classical Percolation & Breakdown" (Lecture Note in Physics, Springer-Verlag), to appear 2008.
Keywords
Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons, Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics
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