Multiple Spectral Splits of Supernova Neutrinos

Dasgupta, Basudeb
Dighe, Amol
Raffelt, Georg G.
Smirnov, Alexei Yu.
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Collective oscillations of supernova neutrinos swap the electron neutrino and antineutrino spectra with those of another flavor in certain energy intervals bounded by sharp spectral splits. This phenomenon is far more general than previously appreciated: typically one finds one or more swaps and accompanying splits in the neutrino and antineutrino channels for both inverted and normal neutrino mass hierarchies. Depending on an instability condition, swaps develop around spectral crossings (energies where the electron neutrino or antineutrino fluxes are equal to that of another flavor, as well as infinite E where all fluxes vanish), and the widths of swaps are determined by the spectra and fluxes. Wash-out by multi-angle decoherence varies across the spectrum and splits can survive as sharp spectral features.
Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures. Accepted for publication in PRL. Animated figures available at
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology, Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics