The Kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect Due to the Electrons of Our Galaxy

Hajian, Amir
Hernandez-Monteagudo, Carlos
Jimenez, Raul
Spergel, David
Verde, Licia
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We compute the effect of local electrons on the CMB temperature anisotropies. The number density and distribution of free electrons in our Galaxy has been accurately measured from pulsar dispersion measurements. Because of their distribution, the dynamics of our Galaxy and the Galaxy peculiar velocity with respect to the Hubble flow, these free electrons leave a frequency-independent imprint on the cosmic microwave background (CMB). In particular, the coherent motion of the free electrons respect to us and to the CMB rest frame produce a kinetic Sunyaev-Zeldovich signal. We compute this effect and we note that the large-scale antisymmetry of the signal gives it an angular power spectrum with a sawtooth pattern where even multipoles are suppressed with respect to the odd ones. We find the signal to be small (~ 2 uK) and sub-dominant compared to the primary CMB and other foreground signals. However, since there are no free parameters in the modeling of this signal, it can be taken into account if more precise measurements of the primordial signal are required.
Comment: 4 pages, 6 figures