The Connection Between Pulsation, Mass Loss and Circumstellar Shells in Classical Cepheids

Neilson, Hilding
Ngeow, Chow-Choong
Kanbur, Shashi
Lester, John B.
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Recent observations of Cepheids using infrared interferometry and Spitzer photometry have detected the presence of circumstellar envelopes (CSE) of dust and it has been hypothesized that the CSE's are due to dust forming in a Cepheid wind. Here we use a modified Castor, Abbott & Klein formalism to produce a Cepheid wind, and this is used to estimate the contribution of mass loss to the Cepheid mass discrepancy Furthermore, we test the OGLE-III Classical Cepheids using the IR fluxes from the SAGE survey to determine if Large Magellanic Cloud Cepheids have CSE's. It is found that IR excess is a common phenomenon for LMC Cepheids and that the resulting mass-loss rates can explain at least a fraction of the Cepheid mass discrepancy, depending on the assumed dust-to-gas ratio in the wind.
Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures, proceeding for "Stellar Pulsation: Challenges for Theory and Observation", Santa Fe 2009
Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics