Measurement-based Synthesis of multi-qubit Entangled States in Superconducting Cavity QED

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Helmer, Ferdinand
Marquardt, Florian
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Abstract
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Entangled multi-qubit states may be generated through a dispersive collective QND measurement of superconducting qubits coupled to a microwave transmission line resonator. Using the quantum trajectory approach, we analyze the stochastic measurement traces that would be observed in experiments. We illustrate the synthesis of three-qubit W- and GHZ-states, and we analyze how the fidelity and the entanglement evolve in time during the measurement. We discuss the influence of decoherence and relaxation, as well as of imperfect control over experimental parameters. We show that the desired states can be generated on timescales much faster than the qubit decoherence rates.
Comment: 11 pages, 8 figures
Keywords
Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics, Condensed Matter - Superconductivity
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